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T. G. Masaryk

Why are we called The Masaryk Public Library

The Masaryk Public Library was established on 2nd February 1921. The decision to its establishment dates to 7th March 1920, when within the framework of celebrations of the 70th birthday of T.G. Masaryk the Town Council decided "to open immediatelly The Masaryk Public Library containing over 800 volumes".

 

Tomáš Garrique Mysaryk - 7/3/ 1850 Hodonín - 14/9/ 1937 Lány

A politician and a statesman, 1882-1914 a professor in Prague, 1883-1894 an editor of the Athenaeum magazine, 1893-1914 Our Time revue, 1889-1914 the chief contributor of The Time, 1891-1893 a Member of Parliament for the National Liberal Party. In 1900 he founded The Czech People´s Party, which he presided in the years 1905-1914, when it was transformed to The Czech Progressive Party. Masaryk was a deputy in the Empire Council for this party in 1907-1914. In December 1914 he emigrated and became the head of the anti-austrian resistance movement abroad, struggling for establishment of independent Czechoslovakia. He took part in formation of the Czech Legions. He was elected the first president of the Czech Republic on 14th November 1918 (later again in 1920,1927,1934). In 1935 he resigned due to his state of health. He played an important role in the establishment of Czechoslovakia as a democratic and advanced state. He is also the author of many pieces of work, e.g. The Czech Question, Suicide,Our Present Crisis, Jan Hus, Karel Havlíček, The Social Question, Russia and Europe.

 

Masaryk and Wallachia

PhotoThe relationship of Masaryk with Wallachia dates back even before the time when he was elected a deputy in the Empire Council for Wallachian towns in 1907. He was familiar with Wallachia since his holiday stays with the painter Hanuš Schwaiger in Bystřice pod Hostýnem. He was invided there by the poet František Táborský, who attracted a great number of art and culture personalities to Wallachian beauties.


Nevertheless, in connection with the summer visits of Masaryk, we have to mention above all the town of Valašské Meziříčí and its surrounding. Masaryk had been well-known among the patriots of the town already before. He was also well-known for lecturing in Hranice in a teachers course. His stays were arranged by his student and friend MUDr. Jan Kraicz, born in Hošťálková, the son of an evangelical pastor, who came to Wallachia from Hungary. The young Kraicz met Masaryk in Prague, where he was studying medicine, and later he settled in Valašské Meziříčí as a doctor. That was him who asked Masaryk to stand for a seat in The Empire Council for Wallachian towns.

 

The elections to the Empire Council were called in 1907, the first ones based on the general right to vote. Masaryk received two offers from two Bohemian and two Moravian districts. The fact that most readers of his revue Our Time came from Wallachia , which was in his opinion a proof of advanced ideas of the inhabitants, contributed to his decision in favour of this area. His candidacy met with a great response. Masaryk travelled round the whole district, lectured and held discussions. On 23rd May 1907 the results of the elections were announced. On that day the newly elected MP came to Vsetín, which was the biggest town in his district, to talk to his electors, who gave him most votes. T.G. Masaryk was a good MP, an example of cooperation of an MP with citizens despite the great distance from his place of residence. He was very helpful and successful in solving local problems and needs, and he never tried to attract his voters by empty promises. No wonder that his candidacy in 1911 in the following elections met with a lively response in Wallachia. Despite his serious illness right before the elections, he outnumbered his rivals and received even more votes than in the previous elections. During his seven-year mandate he took part in many meetings in Wallachia, held many political, cultural and social lectures. The outbreak of the World War I ordered to Masaryk´s conscience a voluntary exile for the benefit of the struggle for the rights recognition of the small nation. Wallachia remained faithful to its MP. The news about the establishment of Czechoslovakia came to Wallachia on 29th October 1918. The president Masaryk visited Wallachia also during the following years.

 


Bibliography:

  • Demel, Jiří: T.G.Masaryk, Šipinky, č. 3, 2000, s. 5-8.

  • Demel, Jiří: Tomáš Garrique Masaryk jako poslanec za valašská města. Valašsko, roč. 3, č. 1, 18.05.2000, s. 39.

  • Nečas, Ctibor: T.G. Masaryk a váchodní Morava, 1997.

  • Šuleř, Oldřich: Valašský poslanec T.G.M. 1999.

 

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